သကၤန္း၀တ္ ဦး၀ီရသူ ဦးေဆာင္ ေသာ အဖြဲ ့သည္ စနစ္တက်ၾကိဳတင္ စီစဥ္ ကာ လူသတ္မွဳ မ်ား ကိုု ဆက္တိုုက္ က်ဴးလြန္ေနၾကေၾကာင္း စင္ကာပူထုုတ္ စထရိတ္တုိင္မ္း သတင္းစာ မွ တရား၀င္ ေရးသား


မေကာင္းဆိုုးရြာေကာင္ၾကီးမ်ား ျပသနာ မီးေမြးေန ေသာ ျမန္မာျပည္ ဟုု ေခါင္းစဥ္ တပ္ကာ –
သကၤန္း၀တ္ ဦး၀ီရသူ ဦးေဆာင္ ေသာ အဖြဲ ့သည္ ၂၀၀၃ ဒီပဲရင္း အေရးအခင္းမွာ (အေမစုုကိုုလုုပ္ၾကံခဲ့ေသာ) လူသတ္ခဲ့တဲ့မေကာင္းဆိုုး၀ါးမ်ား ႏွင့္ ပူးေပါင္းကာ – ၂၀၁၂-၂၀၁၃ တြင္ လားရွိဳး၊ မိတၳီလာ တိုု ့ တြင္ စနစ္တက်ၾကိဳတင္ စီစဥ္ ကာ လူသတ္မွဳ မ်ား ကိုု ဆက္တိုုက္ က်ဴးလြန္ေနၾကေၾကာင္း သက္ေသမ်ားရွိေၾကာင္း (MONSTERS OF MYANMAR ) ဟုုေခါင္းစဥ္ တပ္ကာ စင္ကာပူထုုတ္ စထရိတ္တုိင္မ္း သတင္းစာ မွ တရား၀င္ ေၾကျငာ ေရးသားျခင္း(((တိုုင္းျပည္ရဲ့ အမွိဳက္ သရိုုက္ ဦး၀ီရသူက နိဳင္ငံအက်ိဳး ကိုု ႏွစ္ေပါင္းမ်ား စြာ အလုုပ္ လုုပ္ျပေနေသာ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုုၾကည္ ကိုု သဲၾကီးမဲ ၾကီး ဘာေၾကာင့္ လုုပ္ၾကံ သလဲ – အေျဖကိုု ဒီမွာ ၾကည့္ပါ။)))
ျမန္မာျပန္ အႏွစ္ခ်ဳပ္
==========

ျမန္မာ ဒီမိုုကေရစီ ေျပာင္းလဲေရး ကိုု ဖ်က္ဆီးရန္ အုုပ္ၾကားမ်က္ေပါက္ မေကာင္းဆိုုးရြား မ်ားဥပေဒ ကိုု ခ်ိဳးေဖါက္ကာ ပစ္မွဳ ေတြ ကိူ စနစ္ တက်က်ဴး လြန္ ေနၾကျပီ။

မီးရွြံ ့ လူသတ္မွဳမ်ား ျဖင့္ ဘာသာေရး အဓိကရုုန္း မ်ား ျဖစ္ ေနေသာ လားရွိဳး ျမိဳ ့ ရွိ – ရွမ္းလူမ်ိဳး ရဟန္းသံဃာေတာ္ မ်ား က ျမိဳ့ခံ လူထုု ကိုု လူမ်ိဳးမေရြး ဘာသာ မေရြး အကူညီေပး ကယ္တင္ေပးေနခဲ့ ပါသည္။

လားရွိဳး၊မိတၳီလာ တိုု ့တြင္ျဖစ္ ခဲ့ ေသာ ျဖစ္ ရပ္ မ်ားတြင္ ျမိဳ့ခံ လူထုု ၏ သက္ေသ မ်ား အရ – ဦး၀ီရသူ မွ စတင္ကာ မုုန္တီးေရး ေဟာေျပာ မွဳ မ်ား ကိုု ျပဳ လုုပ္ အျပီးတြင္ – စနစ္ တက် ဖြဲ ့စည္းထားေသာ – လူသတ္ အဖြဲ ့ – ယခင္ ေဒၚေအာင္ ဆန္းစုုၾကည္ကိုု ၂၀၀၃ တြင္ သတ္ျဖတ္ရန္ ၾကံစည္ ခဲ့ ေသာ ဒီပဲ ရင္း အဖြဲ ့ႏွင့္ ပံုုစံတူ မေကာင္းဆိုုးရြား မ်ားေရာက္ရွိ လာ ျပီး စနစ္ တက် တိုုက္ ခိုု္က္ သတ္ျဖတ္ၾကသည္ ဟုု သက္ေသ မ်ား ရရွိပါသည္။

ထိုု လူသတ္ အဖြဲ ့ ကိုု ေတာင္သာ တပ္မ ဟုု၄င္း စြမ္းအားရွင္ ဟုု ၄င္း ေခါေ၀ၚၾကပါသည္။ ယခင္အစိုုးရ၏ လက္က်န္ ေတာက္ငာ ျမိဳ ့ခံ ဦးေအာင္ေသာင္း ၏အမာ ခံ အဖြဲ ့ဟုု လူသိမ်ားပါသည္။

ထိုု အဖြဲ ့မ်ား၏ စနစ္တက် သတ္ျဖတ္ တိုုက္ခိုု္က္ မွဳ မ်ား ႏွင့္ ၉ ၆၉ အဖြဲ ့ကိ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေနေသာ ဦး၀ီရသူ ၏ မုုန္းတီးေရး ေဟာေျပာ မွဳ မ်ား ဆက္စပ္ ကာ တဆက္ ထဲ ပူေပါင္းလုုပ္ၾကံ ေနသည္ကိုု သက္ေသ မ်ား အရ သိရွိ ေနပါသည္။

ထိုုလုုပ္ရပ္ မ်ားသည္ သမတ ဦးသိန္းစိန္ ႏွင့္ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုုၾကည္ တိုု ့၏ ဒီမိုုကေရစီ အသြင္ ေျပာင္းေရး ကိုု လြန္စြာထိခိုုက္ေစ ပါသည္။

Old monsters stirring up trouble ******************* Some say gangs from past regime provoked clashes to undermine Myanmar’s democracy

Published on Jun 02, 2013

Firefighters extinguishing a fire during a riot between Buddhists and Muslims in Lashio township last Wednesday. Some observers believe organised mobs are injected into towns to target Muslims. — PHOTO: REUTERS

By Nirmal Ghosh, Indochina Bureau Chief in Bangkok

Two days of violence this past week that may have left up to eight dead – the official figure remains at two – in sleepy Lashio in Shan state further defined an emerging pattern to the bloodshed rocking Myanmar in recent months: Organised mobs are injected into a town to target Muslims.

Who is behind this remains a subject of speculation but the episodes are challenging the government’s ability to maintain law and order. More importantly, they are a severe test of Myanmar’s experiment with democracy in a multi-ethnic, multi-religious society.

Ahead of this week’s World Economic Forum in Naypyidaw, the army has again been deployed to enforce order in the northern town of Lashio.

That underlines the contradictions that can baffle outsiders expecting clear answers from a complex country that has been at war externally and with itself, in some form or the other, for decades.

Shan Buddhists have no issues with Muslims living in the northern state. Shan monks in Lashio sheltered Muslims last week to save them.

A group of Shan monks stated that it was Burmans who perpetrated the violence, not Shan. The man who started it all, allegedly a Muslim, by setting fire to a Buddhist woman was not a local, real residents say.

They say the mobs which suddenly showed up and started smashing Muslim homes, shops, a mosque and an orphanage were outsiders too.

Residents of Meikhtila say outsiders were also behind violence there in March, when more than 40 people were killed. Outsiders were also the perpetrators in Bago when riots hit that township days later.

Security sources in Myanmar say the mobs are mainly men from the Swan Arshin – a loose cadre of thugs, criminals and ex-convicts used by the old military regime to intimidate and break up protests. Swan Arshin means “masters of power” or “possessors of power”.

Squads of Swan Arshin are believed to have been among those who attacked opposition politician Aung San Suu Kyi’s convoy at Depayin in 2003. They were also active in breaking up protests in Yangon in 2007 until the army was deployed.

A 2008 paper by the independent Asian Human Rights Commission says: “While the group’s existence and activities have been known, it is not an officially recognised organisation. It does not feature in the state media and has no public face.”

It was then a tool of the pro-military Union Solidarity and Development Association which evolved into the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) which is now the ruling party. The USDP recently however flatly denied it had anything to do with the Swan Arshin.

A newer “Buddhist militia” called the Taung Tha army has also apparently appeared, according to the sources. Taung Tha is a town which happens to be home to the notoriously hardline Aung Thaung, a former senior general and combat veteran who is now a key figure in the USDP.

The attacks in Meikhtila and Lashio were well planned and executed. Just days before the Lashio violence, the right-wing Buddhist monk U Wirathu was preaching his characteristic anti-Muslim sermons in a town some 50km away. The Swan Arshin and the Buddhist 969 movement spearheaded by U Wirathu complement each other, Myanmar analysts say.

The security source said the Swan Arshin fire up poor illiterate peasants to swell their numbers – and then wait for an incident to light a match to the tinder. The incident could even be staged.

The mobs, well equipped with swords and machetes, iron rods and sledgehammers, are then transported into town to attack Muslims.

It is a ruthless but time-honoured tactic to attack an enemy with no accountability, or to create an enemy and then attack them, or just to sow instability and chaos which may then be guided to the benefit of those controlling the mobs.

The tactic is also used to maintain an extra-parliamentary power base, a sort of insurance policy if Myanmar’s fledgling democracy disintegrates – or becomes stronger and nudges people once in lucrative positions of power to the sidelines

The attack in Lashio drew a swifter government response than the Meikhtila violence in March. Ironically for mostly Western human rights groups and pro-democracy activists clamouring for a reduction in the role of the army, the Tatmadaw is back in the streets as the only agency capable of keeping the peace.

Muslims today see themselves as pawns in a larger game designed to rouse Burman Buddhist nationalism, discredit President Thein Sein and Ms Suu Kyi, deflect anti-Chinese sentiment to Muslims, and prove that the army is still required to maintain order.

President Thein Sein has talked tough and warned against extremists derailing the democratic transition. But politics and power in Myanmar have always been ruthless.

Analysts say the President will appear increasingly weak if the old monsters cannot be tamed.

nirmal@sph.com.sg
DNWD

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s